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Contains waiting and collection areas, one or more points of special treatment (PSO).

Contains waiting and collection areas, one or more points of special treatment (PSO).

The uniform, which is contaminated with vapors of sarin, soman, is treated with a degassed silicogel bag (DPS), after which you can remove the gas mask.

When conducting CSF of personnel infected with both PR and PP, first disinfect PR, and then carry out other measures provided in case of infection of PP.

Appointment and organization of complete sanitation

Complete sanitation of personnel, wounded and sick is to wash the whole body with soap and water with a mandatory change of linen, and if necessary, uniforms (if it is not subject to treatment at the same time).

Complete sanitation is carried out in uninfected areas and is carried out directly in units or in areas of special treatment (RSO).

When PP is infected, full sanitation must be carried out only if, after partial sanitation, the contamination of the skin and uniforms of personnel is 50 mR / h. and above. It consists in thoroughly washing the whole body with warm water with soap and a washcloth and rinsing the mouth, nose and eyes with water. Full sanitation, if possible, should be carried out no later than 10 hours after infection.

After washing the personnel is subject to radiometric control. Personnel whose contamination remains above 15 mR / h after washing are subject to repeated washing, and if repeated washing does not reduce the contamination, the personnel is taken under supervision. The uniform must be replaced if after its knocking out the radioactive contamination is 50 mR / h. and above.

In case of contamination with drip-liquid PR and their aerosols in case of timely partial sanitation, there is no need for full sanitation, but it can be carried out for hygienic purposes to wash away degassing products and excess degasser no later than 10 hours after infection. Contaminated uniforms should be replaced as soon as possible.

Special treatment area (SPC). Contains waiting and collection areas, one or more points of special treatment (PSO). The waiting area is designed to prepare units for PSO and ensure the interaction of units treated with chemical troops (specify the scope, location, timing and procedure of PSO, the composition of service teams, providing exchange fund uniforms, communication with commanders).

Waiting and collection areas are located at a distance of 3-5 km from PuSO.

At PuSO are equipped with:

control and distribution post (KRP); weapons and equipment processing site; small arms processing site; personal protective equipment (PPE) treatment site; site for replacement of contaminated uniforms; site of full sanitation.

KRP is intended for radiometric control. Dosimeters with dose rate measurements work here. They carry out selective control of infection of PP personnel and equipment. Units infected with PP above the permissible levels are sent to the PSO, and uninfected or infected below the permissible levels are sent to the collection area, bypassing the PSO.

PSO is currently conducted under the direction of the commander of the unit being processed (company, battery). Each platoon commander is assigned a route of movement on the PRC.

Special treatment of equipment, weapons, equipment, etc. is carried out with the help of regular means of the unit being processed (DK-4, IDK-1, etc.) or the chemical service (TSM-65, DKV, ARS).

The personnel leave the equipment and, under the direction of the platoon commander, go to the small arms processing site (if the treatment was not carried out) and further to the PPE treatment site for the infected uniform. Infected equipment with drivers and personnel assigned to work under the leadership of platoon commanders is sent to the sites of weapons and equipment.

After decontamination, radiometric control is performed. The sanitary treatment site is designed for complete sanitary treatment of personnel. Sanitary instructors of companies and paramedics of battalions control the quality of sanitary treatment, if necessary, provide medical care.

Then the personnel with the processed weapon and equipment goes to the collection area.

literature

Military Toxicology, Radiology and Medical Protection: Textbook / Ed. Yu. M. Skaletsky, IR Misula. – Ternopil: Ukrmedknyha, 2003. – P. 165-171, 199-215, 312-329. Medical aspects of chemical weapons: A textbook for students of UVMA and students of higher medical educational institutions. – K.: UVMA, 2003. – P. 30-36, 78 – 86. Karakchiev NI Toxicology of OV and protection against nuclear and chemical weapons. – Tashkent: Medicine, 1978. – P. 318-321, 359-365, 406-418. Protection against weapons of mass destruction: Handbook / Ed. VV Myasnikov. – M .: Voenizdat, 1984. – P. 135-139, 181-327 Military toxicology, radiology and medical protection: Textbook / Ed. NV Savateeva. – L.: MMA im. SM Kirova 1987. buy a compare and contrast essay cheap P. 284-296, 304-308.

10/11/2011

Kyiv tank track and tanks. Abstract

The Kyiv tank track should not be mentioned in popular directories and state museums. It is only by chance that we come across the following message: “In 1932, families evicted from the village of Berkovets began to settle near the Bilychi station in connection with the construction of a tank range there.” – it was reported in the magazine of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

To better understand where the boundaries of the Kiev tank track, let’s remember the realities of the period. In the north, the natural boundary was the edge of Pushcha-Vodytsya and Blue Lake, in the west the route of Gostomel highway. There were no natural restrictions in the east and south, apparently the tank field was lined with traditional Kyiv poplars.

After the final closure of the landfill, a city cemetery and new garden associations, as well as five-storey quarters of the Nyvky massif appeared in its place. Visitors to the museum can learn about all this.

Almost no one knows that in the mid-30s of the twentieth century in this field were unique tests of T-28 and BT-7 tanks. Here, for example, is what the famous Soviet military figure Ilya Dubinsky mentions:

“On Syrka, the 4th separate tank brigade demonstrated … a breakthrough in the fortified strip.

It was a spectacle! They also showed the tank overcoming a strip of dungeons. The T-28 tank moved. His right caterpillar for a moment collided with the protrusion of a meter-high – the car gave a risky roll to the left. But now the left caterpillar flies to the oak stump – and the balance is restored. And so from one bump to another, with the beastly roar of the engine, the rattle of caterpillars, the tank, driven by a skilful hand, like a wobbly boat on the stormy waves, rushed forward. It did not seem to move along the tops of the boulders, but flew in the air.

Here is the last one left behind. A bulky tank, which in incompetent hands would undoubtedly hit the ground with a tower, stopped its frantic flight. The hatch slammed. The commander jumped out of the tank, smiling (though blood was dripping from under his cork helmet). He was greeted by a storm of applause. “

Characteristics of the T-28 tank:

weight, t – 28. crew, people. – 6.gun, mm – 1×76. machine guns, number, caliber (mm) – 4×7. 62. maximum thickness of armor, mm – 30. maximum engine power, kW (hp) – 368 (500). maximum speed, km / h. – 37. power reserve on the highway, km – 220.

The “flights” of the BT-7 tank were already discussed in the first issue of the CPR almanac. Let’s try to imagine how in those distant years, namely in 1939-40, the cadets of the Kyiv Tank Technical School had a summer internship. This was exactly the time when Commander-in-Chief Zhukov demanded in his famous report: “Disguise and lies should permeate the training and education of troops.”

It should be noted that then the tanks never stayed overnight at the test site. Until 1938, the military did not stay there. Already cadets began to put up tents, later even barracks were built. During the combat shooting exercises, the range was surrounded by guards, not allowing locals from nearby farms and villages who had gardens and hayfields there. Every day, except the day off, tankers practiced driving and shooting. As a rule, 4-5 or even 10 cars were involved in the exercises.

(M. Akhtyrchenko, Tankers of the 3rd Guards).

We go through the forest to the Gostomel highway, we pass the battle formations of our infantry. … Next – no man’s land, the enemy behind it …

On the highway in the direction of Sviatoshyn we walked in a column. When they passed the anti-tank trench, they turned into battle formation. Almost at the same time as us, another column burst onto the highway, its tanks marching with their headlights on and sirens on. This is a neighboring right-wing brigade …

On the northern outskirts of Sviatoshyn, we seized enemy warehouses with ammunition and military property. The machine gunners disarmed the guards and took them prisoner. The company commander posted his guard.

By 23.00 they went to Sviatoshyn. On the Zhytomyr highway they came across a receding German convoy of cars. They hit her with guns. There was confusion in the column, cars overturned in ditches.

In the hustle and bustle, we did not notice that the column was accompanied by three enemy tanks … They had already “stuck” in our “thirty-four” a few shells. Barely reached the car to cover …

As a result of accurate fire] two enemy tanks were burned, the third was disabled …

The Zhytomyr highway was cut off and the way to the enemy’s retreat to the west was closed. But the bulk of our tanks were not there … About an hour before our exit to Sviatoshyn, the enemy counterattacked our units with tanks and infantry from the northern outskirts of Kyiv. Our second echelons, which were forced to repel the counterattack, broke away from the advanced units.

Soon the main forces of the tank army … defeated the enemy and at dawn on November 5 we completely occupied Sviatoshyn … At Sviatoshyn station one of the T-34 crews defeated the enemy railway echelon with military equipment.

(Story of a former tank mechanic of the 52nd GV TV)

Despite the fact that after the war, urban development began to approach the tank, it continued to exist.

Tanks traveled in groups of 4-5, practiced crossing the bottom of Blue Lake. It seems that this operation completed a kind of obstacle course: on the southern shore of the lake, tanks had to overcome a 4-meter shaft.

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