Nevertheless, it is difficult for him to sell his politics as a success.

Nevertheless, it is difficult for him to sell his politics as a success.

They are used, for example, in Yemen, a country with a civil war, where the arms trade has increased significantly in recent years. Arms sales between 2011 and 2015 grew by 14 percent compared to the five years before, said the Stockholm peace research institute Sipri. Before that, the market had shrunk for around 20 years. In the global arms business, the United States is by far in the lead, followed by Russia and China, followed by France and Germany. “While regional conflicts and tensions continue to rise, the USA remains the leading global arms exporter by a considerable margin,” said Sipri researcher Aude Fleurant. The USA alone exports 611 F-35 fighter jets. (Photo: dpa) The USA has built in the past four Years their global market share to 33 percent.

In the years between 2006 and 2010 this proportion was 29 percent. According to Sipri, the United States has the most diverse customers – in the past five years it has sold or handed over large armaments to 96 countries. In addition, the US defense industry is preparing for large exports, including 611 F-35 fighter jets for nine countries, and more and more countries from the Middle East are customers. “A coalition of Arab states is using weapons from the United States and Europe in Yemen,” said Sipri expert Pieter Wezeman. “Despite the low oil prices, further large arms shipments to the Middle East are planned.” The region imported almost two-thirds more arms between 2011 and 2015 compared to the period between 2006 and 2010, with Saudi Arabia increasing its imports by 275 percent during that period.

With a world market share of seven percent, the country is the second largest importer of weapons after India (14 percent) and ahead of China (4.7 percent). With helicopters, defense systems, tankers and fighter planes, the desert state is massively expanding its arsenal, the Stockholmers reported Researcher. Partly because the US lifted a partial suspension of arms deliveries to Egypt, the country imported 37 percent more weapons during the period under review. “In 2014 and 2015, Egypt signed several large arms deals from France, Germany and Russia,” the Sipri report said. Meanwhile, the People’s Republic of China cut back on its weapons purchases from abroad in light of higher domestic production over the past four years. “China continues to expand its military capabilities with imported and domestically produced weapons,” said Sipri expert Wezeman. At the same time, the country’s global arms exports skyrocketed: They grew by 88 percent – and thus increased China’s global market share to almost six percent. Russia has also gained 25 percent of global exports in the arms market, according to the information.

The development in 2014 and 2015 was not so good because of the western sanctions against the country as a result of the Ukraine conflict.affordable biology essay writing service However, Russia exports more to India than the U.S. Between 2011 and 2015, Germany sold only half as many weapons abroad as between 2006 and 2010 and is fifth among the arms exporters with a world market share of 4.7 percent., jug / AFP / dpa “” A price for Korea may be tempting, but also premature, “says the director of the Stockholm peace research institute Sipri, Dan Smith. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) There are more than 300 people and organizations nominated for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize, but it is still unclear who the committee will choose.

Because it is not yet known how sustainable some of the current peace efforts are. It is a moment for the history books and probably the diplomatic picture of the year: Hand in hand, South Korean President Moon Jae In and North Korean ruler Kim Jong Un step over a concrete threshold in the border village Panmunjom. It is the line that has separated the Korean peninsula since the end of the civil war 65 years ago. With a high degree of symbolic power, both countries are pursuing a cautious rapprochement that is fueling new hope for peace.

But can there already be a Nobel Peace Prize this Friday? The talks between South and North Korea are in any case “the big breakthrough in international relations this year,” says the director of the Stockholm Peace Research Institute, Sipri, Dan Smith. “But I wonder if the jury can do that. A prize for Korea may be tempting, but also premature. And the protagonists could get the committee to vote against it.” Smith is referring to the unpredictable North Korean ruler, who talks to South Korea’s head of state about nuclear disarmament, a lasting peace solution and an improvement in inter-Korean relations.

They also want to stop the military exercises near the border on November 1st and compete together to host the Summer Olympics. “But I really wonder if the Nobel Peace Prize Committee would be able to give Kim Jong Un an award,” says Smith . There are great doubts as to how far the rapprochement between the two states will take. The Swedish peace and conflict researcher Peter Wallensteen from Uppsala University also says that the success has not yet been sufficiently cemented. The Hamburg peace researcher Michael Brzoska also emphasizes: “The actual progress in disarmament on the Korean peninsula has so far been rather modest.” The nuclear dispute between the United States and North Korea is a particular concern. Washington is wondering how serious Pyongyang is about disarmament.

Moon wants to act as a mediator and dispel the doubts. Kim recently offered to dismantle its main nuclear facility, Yongbyon, if the US makes concessions. These are very different tones than they were a year ago. Back then, US President Donald Trump called Kim a “little rocket man.” But it remains to be seen when North Korea’s nuclear weapons and missile arsenal can actually be dismantled.

Against this background, international experts find it difficult to name candidates for the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize. In the past two years, prices for the peace process in Colombia and the Ican anti-nuclear campaign have been predictable, they say. This time it is hardly possible, since several candidates – such as Moon – move in unstable environments. The Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is one such candidate.

This summer he reconciled himself with neighboring Eritrea, apparently overnight, and accepted a compromise proposal for the demarcation of the border. The countries surprisingly made peace in July – but that is anything but secure. A Nobel Peace Prize for Abiy Ahmed is still “more likely than one for Korea,” says Wallensteen. It is just unsure whether the Ethiopian was nominated in time.

The deadline actually ends in the spring. 216 people and 115 organizations are on this year’s list for the five-member Norwegian Nobel Committee. Smith taps a “safe” Nobel Prize for a long-time favorite. “Or for someone in the human rights or climate change movement.” The Norwegian peace researcher Henrik Urdal from the Prio Institute has the United Nations World Food Program and the Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege at the top of his list. Mukwege has campaigned publicly against sexual violence for years and gives rape victims new hope. Smith, Wallensteen, Brzoska and the Norwegian Nobel expert Asle Sveen also name it – in the year of the #MeToo debate on sexual harassment, it could be an obvious choice, and a media award could also be topical in the face of increasingly manipulative and fake news. “After all, Trump has aroused many emotions with his constant attacks on the press,” says Brzoska. The committee could honor the Turkish newspaper Cumhuriyet and its persecuted editor-in-chief Can Dündar.

They too are long-time favorites. After two years of classic Nobel prizes for peace processes and disarmament, it could be time for a human rights award. Urdal and others name the Russian organization Memorial and its activist Svetlana Gannushkina. “A Nobel Peace Prize for Memorial would be a recognition of the peaceful efforts of Russian civil society to oppose authoritarianism and to stand up for freedom, democracy and human rights in Russia,” he says. Probably, says Smith, in the end it will be someone whom no one is interested in the list but everyone knows. “And then we’ll hit our foreheads and wonder why we didn’t think of the name ourselves.” Source:, Theresa Münch, dpa “” News and information at a glance. Collection of articles from on the subject of the peace research institute Sipri Economy Minister Gabriel keeps his promise. He restricts German arms exports.

Nevertheless, it is difficult for him to sell his politics as a success. U-boat deals and German weapons in a civil war country are to blame. By Issio Ehrich It goes back and forth between Russia and the NATO allies: Russia wants to procure 40 new nuclear missiles.

Putin sees his country threatened because the US wants to move heavy weapons to Eastern Europe. For its part, NATO wants to answer Moscow. Sipri’s annual report shows: As agreed, Russia and the USA are reducing the number of their nuclear weapons.

To do this, like the other nuclear powers, they are having their existing arsenal modernized. The Swedish institute sees a clear message in this. The Russian action in Ukraine worries the Baltic states and Poland. The governments are investing heavily in armaments. But Ukraine and Russia themselves are also pumping more money into the military.

Germany slips to fourth place on the list of the most important arms exporters. China is pushing forward at a breakneck pace. The USA and Russia will probably not catch up with it anytime soon. The EU states, on the other hand, seem left behind. Despite slower growth, China’s defense spending is expected to rise sharply again.

At the end of the annual People’s Congress, Prime Minister Li Keqiang campaigns for the new Chinese doctrine. In doing so, he shows what he thinks of resistance. China is investing tens of billions of dollars in its armed forces. Now military spending is expected to increase by a further ten percent. It is also, but not limited to, an arms race with the great power of the USA.

By Issio Ehrich No country in the world spends more on armaments than the USA. But that could change, because China’s spending on weapons technology is rising sharply. This is not only fueling fears in Asia. The arms business is stalling worldwide.

Group sales are practically only increasing in Russia and France. In relation to the USA, this is at a low level. By Christoph Herwartz Never before has Germany delivered more weapons to the world. SPD leader Gabriel wants to cut exports, the arms companies are threatening job cuts.

The coalition is heading for an arms battle. By Hannes Vogel “Impending or existing conflicts, …… threat from terrorist organizations … … or economic upswing: …… There are various reasons why states spend enormous sums on armament projects. The huge sums are not just for equipment, consumption and They also include personnel costs such as meals, wages and pensions, as well as the expenses for maneuvers – and finally deployment costs for military emergencies. In 2015, a total of 1,676 billion dollars (1.5 trillion euros) was invested in military resources worldwide Defense spending has soared in Central and Eastern Europe. Experts at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) justify this with the Ukraine crisis, …… which particularly affects Poland (plus 22 percent), Lithuania (plus 33 percent) and Slovakia (plus 17 percent) motivated them to increase military budgets in Wes In Europe, military spending fell by 1.3 percent. The latest Sipri figures, however, document that the world was by no means more peaceful in 2015. For the first time in four years, global arms spending rose by one percent. In the top ten countries represented by the most expensive armed forces in 2015 ……

South Korea. The country spent 36.4 billion dollars on military purposes last year. Compared to 2014, South Korea defended tenth place, but has grown by 37 percent in the past ten years. Germany is already in ninth place a total of 39.4 billion dollars available in 2015. After all, Germany has only increased its military armament by 2.8 percent over the past ten years. 2014 still in eighth place, Germany swapped places with ….. Japan. The state is currently in eighth place, down one rank compared to 2014. Japan has $ 40.9 billion in military spending. France slipped to seventh place in 2015. In 2014, the French still occupy fifth place in the Sipri ranking. France spent an impressive 50.9 billion dollars – and thus more than ten billion more than Germany – on the military in the past year. 9 percent. Right behind the French are the ……

In the. They are in sixth place, up one rank compared to 2014. India spends a total of 51.3 billion dollars on its military. This is an increase of ……

43 percent within the past ten years. The fifth place among the most expensive military powers …… Great Britain – with 55.5 billion dollars. After all, the British have spent about 7.2 percent less on military projects than in 2006.Not more represented in the top three …… Russia.

It is true that the Russians are still allowing their military actions to cost 66.4 billion dollars and are increasing …… in a ten-year comparison by 91 percent, but they have to stand behind …… the gigantic Saudi armed force -Arabia. The Saudis alone make up five percent of the world’s military power. According to the Sipri study, the country will cost its military US $ 87.2 billion in 2015. The Sunni kingdom paid more than twice as much for it last year military armaments were issued like Germany, followed by the military heavyweights, followed by China, as in 2014. The communist country …… is having its People’s Liberation Army cost $ 215 billion.

%d blogcu bunu beğendi: