Towing service has a bad surprise

Towing service has a bad surprise

The doctor will then either call the child in immediately or, depending on the situation, refer the child to a clinic straight away.

Take notes beforehand

It is good to prepare properly for a visit to the pediatrician. Because the more he knows about the course of the disease, the better. “If the sick child is cared for exclusively by the mother, the previous history can be easily inquired about. If other caregivers are involved, such as educators in the day care center, their description of the symptoms is also important and should be asked as precisely as possible when the child is handed over will.” So that you don’t forget anything during the consultation, notes that you make in advance can be useful. Here you should note everything that you want to address and what you have observed. It is also important that you have a few things with you that facilitate a longer waiting time or treatment. So it’s good to have your favorite cuddly toy and, if necessary, a pacifier in addition to drinks and possibly a little food. Older children are also happy if you shorten their waiting time with their favorite book. You should always have the yellow examination booklet and vaccination certificate with you, especially if you have not been to the same doctor continuously.

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Defuse fearful situations

It is quite possible that the child is so afraid of treatment that it can no longer be comforted. But, even if it is difficult, as a parent you shouldn’t let yourself be put under pressure by such a situation, stay calm and continue to convey security. Sometimes it also makes sense for the doctor to take a break from the examination and first go to the next patient while the parents try to calm the child down and defuse the fearful situation. A second attempt usually works better. Sometimes, unfortunately, an examination such as a blood sample or a throat swab ultimately has to be carried out against the will of the little patient. However, if the child is fundamentally afraid of going to the doctor, then one should consider whether he or she simply cannot get along with the person himself. “It doesn’t happen too often, but of course it can happen that the ‘chemistry’ between the child and the doctor is fundamentally wrong,” says Landendörfer. “Then a change of doctor can be sensible. You have to talk openly about this with the parents, a doctor-parent-patient relationship should be fulfilling for everyone involved.”

Influenza results from infection with influenza viruses. The influenza A virus is the most common cause of the disease. Overall, doctors differentiate between three different types of the virus.

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Three types of flu viruses

In addition to the influenza A virus, there are types B and C, which can be distinguished by certain properties on their surface. While influenza C only occasionally causes mild illnesses with cold and flu symptoms in humans, influenza B and particularly influenza A are responsible for more pronounced viral illnesses and are harmful to your health.

Influenza A virus varies all the time

The influenza A virus is genetically very variable and therefore keeps developing new variants. This makes it virtually impossible for the human immune system to adapt to the pathogens and to form antibodies. It always takes some time until a vaccine against the new pathogen is produced. For this reason, the influenza A virus was and is the trigger for influenza epidemics and pandemics in ever new forms. Prominent subtypes of the influenza A virus are, for example, H1N1, the causative agent of so-called swine flu, and H5N1, the cause of avian flu.sports cause and effect essay topics

How to protect yourself from the infection

You can get vaccinated to protect yourself from the flu. Especially people at risk should definitely get vaccinated. This includes people over the age of 60, children and adults with underlying diseases such as cardiovascular problems or high blood pressure and pregnant women from the 3rd month. Because of the variability of the influenza A virus, this vaccination is necessary every year. Doctors recommend the vaccination between October and December, as the peak of the flu wave usually occurs in January. The vaccination does not protect against colds.

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The viruses are very easy to transmit

According to, flu viruses are most often transmitted between two people by droplet infection, for example when a sick person sneezes and thus spreads the virus. A smear infection through contaminated surfaces or objects is also possible. During a flu epidemic, you should pay special attention to hand hygiene and approach sick people with caution.

Minsk (dpa) – After criticizing the too lax handling of the corona pandemic, President Alexander Lukashenko has the situation in Belarus (Belarus) assessed by experts from the World Health Organization.

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“There is absolutely no disaster here,” said Lukashenko on Tuesday in Minsk, according to the Belta agency. There is an increase in the number of infections. “Thank God that is not like an avalanche.” The WHO experts should show the citizens that they are safe in the country, that the government is not hiding or covering up anything, said Lukashenko.

As of Tuesday, around 860 coronavirus cases were officially registered in the authoritarian-led ex-Soviet republic. 13 people infected with corona died. The numbers have risen rapidly in the Eastern European country in the past few days.

The leadership in Minsk was heavily criticized nationally and internationally because football games continued to be played in front of a large audience and hardly any measures to contain them were taken. Lukashenko downplayed the problem as “psychosis”.

The head of state also demanded that the government provide significantly more protective clothing for the staff in the clinics. In addition, compliance with the quarantine measures should be monitored more closely, said Lukashenko.

Fluorine compounds from Teflon pans, food packaging or impregnating agents can make vaccinations ineffective in children. The pollutants already absorbed in the womb or from the environment reduce vaccination protection. This is what an international team of researchers found in a long-term study on Norwegian children.

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Less antibodies in the blood

After a vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria, the researchers found significantly fewer antibodies than normal in the blood of children with elevated levels of so-called perfluorinated surfactants (PFT). A two-fold increase in PFT values ​​halved antibody production, the researchers report in the journal “Journal of the American Medical Association” (JAMA). “A child exposed to PFTs may therefore be inadequately protected against tetanus and diphtheria even if they have all vaccinations,” warn Philippe Grandjean of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston and his colleagues.

Perfluorinated surfactants more harmful than dioxin?

As the scientists report, the average PFT values ​​in the children examined were not extreme, but were even below those measured in three to five-year-old children in the USA. The clear effect of even these pollutant concentrations suggests that PFTs in the environment could even be more toxic to the immune system than the current dioxin exposure. Perfluorinated surfactants are not biodegradable and are therefore considered long-lasting organic pollutants. They can get into food and thus into the body through water, fish, but also directly from packaging or damaged Teflon pans. Children can also absorb the pollutants in the womb.

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Expert: “Threat to Public Health”

It has only now been proven for the first time that these environmental pollutants can jeopardize the protective effect of vaccinations. “Routine vaccinations for children are an important part of disease prevention,” says Grandjean. The negative effect of PFTs on these vaccinations must therefore be viewed as a threat to public health.

Pollutants accumulate in the body over the years

For their study, the researchers examined 587 children born on the Norwegian Faroe Islands. They determined the levels of various PFTS in the blood serum both at birth and at the age of five. When the children were five and seven years old, they were vaccinated against tetanus and diphtheria. After the vaccination, the scientists determined how many antibodies against these two diseases had formed in the children’s blood. Some five-year-olds had doubled their levels of the two most common PFTs, perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid. These children had a two to four times higher risk of their antibody levels falling below the effective threshold of 0.1 units per milliliter of blood by the age of seven, the researchers report.

Bronchial asthma, hay fever, neurodermatitis: more and more children are plagued by allergies, experts report. Your immune system reacts to actually harmless substances, such as animal hair or house dust, that it should normally tolerate. The pediatrician Dr. Ulrich Fegeler from the “Professional Association of Pediatricians” explains why there are more and more allergic diseases and whether children should better avoid possible allergens.

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Dr. Fegeler, what are the most common allergic diseases in childhood?

Fegeler: The most common allergies in childhood are certainly the so-called pollinoses, i.e. allergic reactions of the mucous membranes to tree or grass pollen. However, these usually only develop after the second to third birthday. Before that, however, the child’s organism can react to certain triggers such as infections, food or external causes with skin or mucous membrane symptoms. Doctors speak of atopy syndrome. It is a congenital disorder of the outer and inner surface of our body. The outer skin or mucous membranes, for example in the bronchi and lungs, can be affected. The atopy syndrome includes the occurrence of simple eczema up to neurodermatitis, inflammation of the bronchial tubes up to bronchial asthma, later often triggered by pollen allergens.

How many children are estimated to have allergic diseases?

Fegeler: There are very different statements. An average frequency of 15 percent will probably apply – some even speak of almost every third child. The number of children affected seems to be increasing in any case.

Why is that? What are the causes of allergic diseases?

Fegeler: First of all, there must be a genetic predisposition to this. In addition, studies show that there are significantly more allergies and asthma in highly developed countries. One cause may be a changed hygienic lifestyle. Civilization has its downsides here. Because humans used to be in constant contact with animal droppings and animal skins with their bacterial and parasitic contaminants, they have evolved a highly developed defense system. Figuratively speaking, this system needs to bite. If it doesn’t, it may react excessively to certain allergenic substances.

So children are not born with an allergy?

Fegeler: No, there are no innate allergies. But there is a so-called genetic disposition, i.e. a tendency to develop allergies more easily than other allergies. Any subsequent allergen is initially tolerated after birth and can then at some point – for whatever reason – lead to a “different”, i.e. allergic reaction. The name comes from the ancient Greek word “allos”, which means “different, different”.

Studies say rural children have fewer allergies than city children – so is a farm holiday advisable?

Fegeler: In general, children should not grow up in a sterile environment. That would be the biggest mistake parents could make in this regard. Too clean an environment harms and prevents the body from developing its immune system, more precisely, its immunological memory. Above all, parents should not use aggressive disinfectants in the household. For example, it is sufficient to wipe the changing table with a damp cloth and rub it with a towel

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